sponge

sponge
sponge [spunj]
n.
[ME < OE < L spongia < Gr spongia, spongos]
1. any of a phylum (Porifera) of simple, aquatic, sessile animals having a porous structure and a tough, often siliceous or calcareous, skeleton
2. the elastic skeleton, or a piece of the skeleton, of certain sponges, light in weight and highly absorbent, used for washing surfaces, in bathing, etc.
3. any substance like this; specif.,
a) a piece of spongy plastic, cellulose, rubber, etc., used like natural sponge
b) a pad of gauze or cotton, as used in surgery
c) a light dessert made of whipped gelatin and beaten egg whites or whipped cream
d) raised dough, as for bread
e) any of several metals, as platinum, found in a porous mass
f) a person having a spongelike capacity, as for drink, knowledge, etc.
g) Informal SPONGER (sense 3)
vt.
sponged, sponging [ME spongen < SPONGE the n.]
1. to use a sponge on so as to dampen, wipe clean, etc.
2. to remove or obliterate with or as with a damp sponge: usually with out, off, away, etc.
3. to absorb with, as with, or like a sponge: often with up
4. Informal to get without cost, as by begging, imposition, etc.
vi.
1. to gather sponges from the sea
2. to take up liquid like a sponge
3. Informal to be a SPONGER (sense 3): often with off or on
——————
throw in the sponge or toss in the sponge
Informal to admit defeat; give up: from the practice by a boxer's second of throwing a sponge into the ring to concede defeat

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Поможем написать реферат
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sponge — (sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. [ e]ponge, L. spongia, Gr. spoggia , spo ggos. Cf. {Fungus}, {Spunk}.] [Formerly written also {spunge}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Spongi[ae], or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under {Spongi[ae]} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sponge — Sponge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sponged} (sp[u^]njd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Sponging} (sp[u^]n j[i^]ng).] 1. To cleanse or wipe with a sponge; as, to sponge a slate or a cannon; to wet with a sponge; as, to sponge cloth. [1913 Webster] 2. To wipe out… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sponge — ► NOUN 1) an aquatic invertebrate with a soft porous body. 2) a piece of a light, absorbent substance originally consisting of the fibrous skeleton of a sponge but now usually made of synthetic material, used for washing, as padding, etc. 3) a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sponge — Sponge, v. i. 1. To suck in, or imbibe, as a sponge. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: To gain by mean arts, by intrusion, or hanging on; as, an idler sponges on his neighbor. E. Eggleston. [1913 Webster] The fly is an intruder, and a common smell feast,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sponge — Pays d’origine Detroit, Michigan, États Unis Genre musical Post grunge Années d activité 1991–aujourd hui Labels Sony, Beyond, Idol Site officiel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sponge\ on — • sponge on • sponge off v. phr. To exploit parasitically; depend upon for support. He is already forty years old, but he refuses to go to work and sponges off his retired parents …   Словарь американских идиом

  • sponge — [n] moocher bum*, cadger, deadbeat*, freeloader*, hanger on, leech*, panhandler, parasite, scrounger; concepts 412,423 sponge [v] mooch beg, bum*, cadge, chisel*, freeload*, hit up*, hustle, live off of, panhandle, scrounge; concept 53 …   New thesaurus

  • Sponge — Sponge. См. губка. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • sponge — index parasite Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • sponge — sponge, sponger *parasite, sycophant, favorite, toady, lickspittle, bootlicker, hanger on, leech …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”